The process of Electrodeposition
of Minerals in Sea Water known as Mineral Accretion Technology was developed
by Architect, Marine Scientist,
Prof. Wolf H. Hilbertz, through extensive experimental applications, demonstration projects commenced in 1974, covering artificial reefs, coastal defense structures, shoreline stabilization - erosion control, mariculture, and marine
In the course developing
Accretion Technology directed toward structural applications, exceptional
accumulations and growth rates of marine organisms on accreting structures
were observed. The process was further developed as Biorock "A
METHOD OF ENHANCING THE GROWTH OF AQUATIC ORGANISMS, AND STRUCTURES CREATED
"A METHOD OF ENHANCING THE GROWTH OF AQUATIC ORGANISMS,
AND STRUCTURES CREATED THEREBY"
Biorock Coral Reef Restoration - Karang
Pemuteran Bali - Videos - 2002 to 2006
In 1988, Prof. Wolf H.Hilbertz, began collaboration with Coral Ecologist, Dr.
Thomas J. Goreau, of the Global
Coral Reef Alliance, in research and development
of Biorock with a focus on coral propagation, preservation of corals, and coral
Demonstration projects conducted
at number of locations around the world have involved the grafting of salvaged
coral fragments to Biorock Reef Structures.
Enhanced growth rates of
the salvaged corals were monitored and documented.
Survival of corals on Biorock
Reef Structures exceeded the survival of corals on adjacent natural coral
reef formations under severely degrading environmental conditions.
Biorock Reef Structures immediately
became integrated, living parts of their marine environment, providing
additional substrata available and conducive to further natural settlement
of wild corals.
Biorock Reef Structures ultimately hold promise to augment repopulating
of corals on natural reefs that have suffered degradation and devastation
from numerous human related and natural causes.
Electric Boost for Reefs
Video: National Geographic News
Dr. T.J. Goreau, Global Coral Reef Alliance
at United Nations Climate Change Conference
Bali, Indonesia - December 2007
Electricity Revives Bali Coral Reefs
Pemuteran Bay, Indonesia, December 4, 2007
National Geographic News - Associated Press Article
"Maldive Barnacle" Biorock Reef Structure, constructed in 1996.
"Maldive Barnacle" Biorock
Restoration of coral growth under "impossible" conditions.
In the Maldives in 1998 only 1-5% of corals survived heatstroke caused
by global warming, but in the same habitats, 50-80% of the corals on Biorock
Business and Professional inquiries regarding Biorock can be directed to:
Biorock is the Trademark of Biorock Inc.
Biorock is a Patented Process Owned by Biorock Inc.,
under International Intellectual Property Legislation.
Copyright © Applies to All www.Biorock.Net
All rights reserved.
The following publications are available at:
http://www.ieee.org [Note: IEEE Search "Hilbertz" ]
Electrodeposition of minerals in sea water: Experiments and applications
Oceanic Engineering, IEEE Journal of
Volume 4, Issue 3, Jul 1979
Electrodeposition of Minerals in Seawater
Volume 10, Sep 1978
Restoring coral reefs, oyster banks, and fisheries by seawater electrolysis: coastal zone management and tourism applications
Goreau, T.J.; Hilbertz, W.; Azeez, A.; Hakeem, A.; Dodge, R.; Despaigne, G.; Shwaiko, C.;
OCEANS 2003. Proceedings
Volume 2, 22-26 Sept. 2003
Shore protection, beach formation, and production of building materials and energy using seawater electrolysis technology
Goreau, T.J.; Hilbertz, W.; Azeez, A.; Hakeem, A.; Allen, J.;
OCEANS 2003. Proceedings
Volume 5, 22-26 Sept. 2003